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|Revising Mixed Constructions
Generally speaking, mixed constructions can be divided into three different kinds. They occur when either a dependent clause, a prepositional phrase, or an independent clause is incorrectly used as the subject of a sentence. Let's look at the independent clause first:
Because he works eleven hours every day
The first part of this sentence, so Because he works every day, is a dependent clause because it does not express a complete thought. It needs another, independent clause, to give it meaning, and it should not be used as the subject of a sentence. A revised version of this sentence would look like this.
Because he works eleven hours every day, he is always tired.
It's also not a good idea to use a prepositional phrase, so a phrase starting with a preposition like in, by, on, after, etc., as the subject of a sentence, like in this instance:
By enlisting in the army
After revision this sentence could look like this.
By enlisting in the army, you can see the world.
Finally, using a clause that would also work as stand-alone sentence with a subject, a verb, and its own meaning - so an independent clause - also causes sentences with a mixed construction, like here:
Here She was rich is the independent clause that is used as the subject of the sentence. It could be rewritten like this:
Being rich made her buy much more than she needed.